News & Analysis: Urbanization

Overcrowding and pandemic risk hotspots in Rwanda

“The COVID-19 pandemic has placed a spotlight on urban density, particularly in developing cities, where overcrowding in unplanned settlements makes it near impossible to practice adequate social distancing. Evidence has shown that overcrowding – and not density – is a risk factor for respiratory diseases such as COVID-19.”

via International Growth Centre

Ghana To Provide 550,000 People with Improved Water and Sanitation Services

“The World Bank Board of Executive Directors today approved $125 million to support the Government of the Republic of Ghana’s effort to reach 550,000 people in low income urban communities with improved sanitation and water supply services. “

via World Bank

Property taxes in a pandemic world

“While increasing demands are being placed on cities to address the current crisis and plan for resilience in the future, key sources of city government revenues are drying up. Taxes based on the value of property offer extraordinary potential for cities in financing urban recovery, but crucial to this is raising tax morale through visible investments in infrastructure and citizen engagement.”

via International Growth Centre

Kenya Receives $150 Million to Improve Living Conditions for 1.7 Million Residents in Urban Informal Settlements

“The project will also cushion urban informal settlement residents who depend on daily earnings against the negative socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

via World Bank

Khartoum’s lockdown

“Broadly, the stakes of the lockdown for the civilian population ranged from being a plausible measure to contain the pandemic, a temporary relief with the weakening demand on petrol fuels amounting to almost $200 million per month of subsidies, but also a threat due to the rising discontent amongst the daily earners.”

via Africa is a Country

Rethinking regulations: Informal settlements in the time of COVID-19

“Informal settlements, given their high densities and lacking water and sanitation infrastructure, are potential hotspots for the spread of pandemics like COVID-19. To remedy this, upgrading informal settlements will be essential. However, for long term resilience, we need to tackle the regulatory challenges that keep formal housing prices unattainable for the urban poor.”

via International Growth Centre

Toolkit for a Resilient Recovery

“How can local government systematically capture and analyze the evolving data? How can the dynamic information be articulated to all stakeholders in an accessible and clear manner? The Toolkit for a Resilient Recovery will support cities and local governments in establishing an agile and evidence-based process to plan their recovery from COVID-19.”

via Global Resilient Cities Network

Liberia’s urban poor are often overlooked but especially vulnerable to crises like COVID-19

“While the macroeconomic situation is set to affect prosperity at all levels of society, poor urban households participating in the informal economy are likely to be hit the hardest, with immediate concerns surrounding their ability to provide for themselves.”

via Grow Liberia

Empowering our cities to fight the pandemics of the future

“The overarching message was clear: the ability of cities to respond to the current pandemic has greatly exposed the inequalities across the world. Our cities, particularly across Africa which is the fastest urbanising continent, need to be better equipped to deal with future pandemics, and for that, we urgently need to confront the most critical roadblocks.”

via International Growth Centre

COVID-19 in African Cities: Impacts, Responses and Policies

“Globally, urban areas are the epicenters of the epidemic accounting for the vast majority of the confirmed COVID-19 cases. This report looks at the impacts, responses and policy pathways related to COVID 19 in the context of cities in Africa.”

via UNECA